The recurring question when it comes to smoking addiction is why do people start smoking and why is it hard to quit?
The first thing that is said is that in most cases they start the habit when they were teenagers and started it because they just wanted to try or because they thought it was “cool and, until they did it to enter‘ in fashion ”.
There are those who say that the influence is still doing their part and mention that young people who see actors smoking in movies are more likely to start smoking and that tobacco industry ads, special offers and other activities Promotion of their products are a great influence on society.
Meanwhile, on the other hand, the most recent thing is cigarettes and other high-tech electronic devices for vaping (“vaping”), are the ones that are very fashionable and have caused their consumption to increase.
These electronic cigarettes even represent for new consumers a great way to learn to inhale and start as nicotine addicts. What many of them do not identify is that it is a firm step to become smokers.
Studies reveal that people who start smoking during adolescence are more likely to form a habit and that, the younger they start smoking, the more likely they are to become a nicotine addict.
For example, according to the Report of the Director General of Public Health of the United States issued in 2014, almost 9 out of 10 adult smokers began the habit before age 18, and almost all began smoking at age 26. The report estimates that approximately 3 of 4 smokers in high school will become adult smokers (even if they try to quit smoking in a few years).
But why is it so difficult to quit? The main answer is that the addition to nicotine is extremely powerful. Nicotine is so negative that it usually affects a smoker’s behavior, mood and even his emotions.
It is also cited in the 2014 study that about 2 out of 3 smokers say they want to quit smoking and about half try to quit smoking every year, but few succeed without help. This is because smokers not only become physically dependent on nicotine, but there is also a strong emotional (psychological) dependence.
We leave you some interesting facts about how nicotine affects people and why if you are a smoker you should seek help and stop the vice.
- Both nicotine and the other chemicals in tobacco smoke reach the blood through the lungs. From there, nicotine spreads rapidly throughout the body.
- When inhaled in small amounts, nicotine causes a pleasant sensation and distracts the consumer from unpleasant sensations. This makes the tobacco user want to consume more.
- Nicotine acts in the chemistry of the brain and the central nervous system, affecting the mood of the smoker.
- It works like other addictive drugs by flooding brain circuits with a chemical called dopamine. Nicotine also causes a rise in adrenaline in an amount that is not enough to be noticed, but enough to accelerate the heart and raise blood pressure.
- Nicotine reaches the brain in a matter of seconds after a smoke and its effects begin to dissipate in a few minutes. It is there that the consumer may begin to feel irritated and tense. It usually does not reach the point of feeling severe withdrawal symptoms, but the smoker feels more uncomfortable with the passage of time. This is what most often causes the person to smoke again.
- At some point, when the person consumes tobacco, the unpleasant sensations disappear and the cycle continues. If the smoker does not smoke again soon, withdrawal symptoms get worse over time.
- As the body adapts to nicotine, smokers tend to increase the amount of tobacco they use. This increases the amount of nicotine in your blood, and more tobacco is needed to get the same effect. This is known as tolerance. With the passage of time, a smoker reaches a certain level of nicotine and then he will need to continue with the consumption to keep the nicotine level at a pleasant point.
- Smokers can quickly become dependent on nicotine and experience physical and emotional (mental or psychological) withdrawal symptoms when they quit smoking. These symptoms include: irritability, nervousness, headache and sleep disorders.
After reading these interesting facts about nicotine, consider that the true indicator of addiction is that people still smoke even though they know that smoking is harmful to them, because it affects their lives, their health and their families in unhealthy ways. And, that most people who smoke want to quit.